Of the countries it ranked‚ the Spectator Index said the five countries with the highest youth unemployment were SA at 52.8%, followed by Greece (36.8%)‚ Spain (34.9%)‚ Nigeria (33.1%) and Italy (32.5%).
As a result there are 6.2 million unemployed South Africans between the ages of 15 and 24!
That atrocious figure vindicates SAFTU’s long-held view that the level of youth unemployment is a ticking time-bomb, as a whole generation is being robbed of any hope of a future with secure employment, a living wage or a decent life.
That figure also helps to explain the rise in the the number of young people who are seeking escape from this dire situation by turning to drug and alcohol abuse and crime. This leads to poor, working-class communities becoming battle-grounds for armed confrontations between rival gangs controlled by drug dealers.
Part of the reason for this world’s-worst figure lies in South Africa’s dysfunctional public schools. 78% of grade 4 children can’t read for meaning in any language and 61% of grade 5s can’t do basic maths.
While the increase in the 2018 metric pass rate to 78.2% is welcome it should not hide the grim fact that more learners than ever are enrolling for matric but then dropping out before the exams. Of the 624,733 full-time public school students who entered matric at the start of 2018, only 512,735 actually wrote the exams, according to the NSC Examinations Technical Report for 2018.
The number of matrics who drop out before sitting their exams has also been increasing. In 2015, there were 23,389 matrics who dropped out before sitting their exams – a dropout rate of 3.5%. By 2018 this number had increased to 131,067 – a dropout rate of over 20%.
If you compare the number of matriculants against the number of learners who enrolled in the same year, the figure is even worse. Equal Education estimated that the real pass-rate figure for that period ending n 2017 is around 50%, way below that 78.2% just announced. This means that half of all learners leave school with no qualifications at all.
This lack of qualifications and skills however is only a part of the problem, since thousands of matriculants, and even graduates, remain unemployed. The problem is not that employers are turning away lots of job seekers because they lack the necessary qualifications. It is because the jobs simply do not exist, in a country where the unemployment rate is 37.3%. And, with further retrenchments in the pipeline, this problem will only get worse.
The crisis is further compounded by the class and racial gulf between those in public schools who write the Senior National Certificate (NSC) exams and those in private schools who write the Independent Examinations Board (IEB) exams, which recorded a 98.92% pass rate, with 90.65% of those students qualifying for entry to study for a degree.
As Mcebo Dlamini, a former Wits SRC leader and student activist wrote in News24, “One does not need to think hard about why there is such a wide gap between the NSC results and the IEB results. It is precisely because government schools are overcrowded, understaffed and under resourced while private schools have better facilities, staff and learner support systems. What is shocking about these parallels between private and public schools is how they have remained intact 25 years after the end of apartheid.”
This two-tier education system has helped to sustain the continuing racial divisions, as more of the wealthy white minority are able to access pay for the private schools.
This inequality is widened by the fact that government spending on basic education per learner in real terms declined between 2008 and 2016 by 8%.
In 2010 government spent an average of R17,822 per child, (based on the value of the rand in 2017), but this dropped to R16,435 in 2017 and it has been projected to decrease further to R15,963 by 2019. This will mean a 10% decline in funding per pupil in the 10 years from 2010 to 2019.
This fall in state funding helps to explain the decline in the quality of basic education. The average class size of grade 4 classes in SA was 40 in 2011, but increased to 45 in 2016 and class sizes increased in the schools with 60% of the poorest learners, from 41 to 48 per class over the same period. In the schools attended by the richest 10% of pupils, class sizes only increased from 33 to 35 per class.
These figures will get even worse if the government continues with its austerity budgets, to please the credit ratings agencies. This will be one of the issues SAFTU will be raising when its members demonstrate at Parliament in Cape Town and elsewhere when Finance Minister Tito Mboweni delivers his budget speech, and again during the two-day national mass stayaway on 26-27 March 2019.
Free, quality education for all!